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Why Is Hypertension A Critical Risk Factor For PAD?
May 27, 2017

Hypertension or elevated blood pressure is one of the major risk factors for Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) and the single most important risk factor for stroke. According to World heart federation there are at least 970 million people worldwide suffering from elevated blood pressure.[i]

Hypertension or elevated blood pressure occurs, when the systolic blood pressure is above 140 mmHg or/and the diastolic pressure is above 90 mmHg. But how does elevated blood pressure relate to cardiovascular diseases? The tiny muscles in the arterial walls manage the pressure, i.e. pushing the blood from the heart to the rest of the body. If the blood pressure is high, muscles in the arteries fight back, they grow bigger and the arterial walls become thicker. The narrowed arteries can burst or become blocked. The blockage starves the extremity – which is dependent on the blood from that artery – of energy and oxygen, and consequently causes the death of that area.[ii] The presence of clogged arteries in the extremities where blood has great difficulty getting through fat deposits, cholesterol and other substances that are on arterial walls is called Peripheral Arterial Disease.

t's estimated that by 2025, the number of adults living with hypertension will rise to 1,56 billion. You might also be in the high risk group for the disease - do you know how to prevent it?


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